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Initial Operations Experience and Results from the Juno Gravity Experiment

Show simple item record Buccino, Dustin Kahan, Daniel Yang, Oscar Oudrhiri, Kamal 2019-07-02T20:39:17Z 2019-07-02T20:39:17Z 2018-03-04
dc.identifier.citation 2018 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, March 3-10, 2018 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno CL#17-6441
dc.description.abstract Radio communications between the Juno spacecraft, in orbit around Jupiter, and the Earth-based observing stations of NASA’s Deep Space Network enable measurements of the Doppler shift induced on the radio signals by Juno’s motion in the Jovian environment. This measurement of the Doppler shift improves the knowledge of Jupiter’s gravitational field. As a radio science instrument, Juno’s gravity science instrument utilizes a ground component at the Deep Space Network’s DSS-25 antenna, equipped with simultaneous dual X- and Ka-band transmitters and receivers, and a spacecraft component, which includes X- and Ka-band transponders to relay the transmitted signal back to Earth. Originally planned to be in 14-day orbits around Jupiter, a risk identified in the propulsion system led to the decision to stay in the 53-day orbit period. Rapid turnaround of observation planning led to successful near-term perijove passes. Although maintaining a 53-day orbit period provides a scientific benefit to the gravity science investigation, the longer orbit period further increases the large dynamic range in Doppler shift and pointing angles induced by the geometry of each perijove. Between entering orbit at Jupiter on July 5, 2016 and September 2017, the Juno spacecraft has executed eight closest approach periods every 53 days where science data was collected. The first five perijove passes were conducted in different telecom configurations, each presenting unique challenges in data collection and processing. Perijoves PJ-01, PJ-02, PJ-03, and PJ-06 utilized the high-gain antenna and various configurations of the X- and Ka-bands. Perijoves PJ-04 and PJ-05 utilized the medium-gain antenna at X-band only while the spacecraft was off-Earth point. Additional perijoves are planned every 53-days, with an additional five by March 2018. Lessons learned from operating and collecting data at each perijove are documented and will be utilized in future perijoves. Analysis of the first two gravity science perijoves has improved the precision of Jupiter’s gravity field by a factor of five, providing crucial constraints on the interior structure of Jupiter. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2017 en_US
dc.title Initial Operations Experience and Results from the Juno Gravity Experiment en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US

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