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Atlantic to Mediterranean sea level difference driven by winds near Gibraltar Strait

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dc.contributor.author Menemenlis, Dimitris
dc.contributor.author Fukumori, Ichiro
dc.contributor.author Lee, Tong
dc.date.accessioned 2007-08-16T22:38:46Z
dc.date.available 2007-08-16T22:38:46Z
dc.date.issued 2006-05-17
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Physical Oceanography Volume 37, Issue 2 (February 2007) DOI: 10.1175/JPO3015.1 en
dc.identifier.clearanceno 06-1853
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/40383
dc.description.abstract Observations and numerical simulations show that winds near Gibraltar Strait cause an Atlantic Ocean to Mediterranean Sea sea level difference of 20 cm peak to peak with a 3-cm standard deviation for periods of days to years. Theoretical arguments and numerical experiments establish that this wind-driven sea level difference is caused in part by storm surges due to alongshore winds near the North African coastline on the Atlantic side of Gibraltar. The fraction of the Moroccan coastal current offshore of the 284-m isobath is deflected across Gibraltar Strait, west of Camarinal Sill, resulting in a geostrophic surface pressure gradient that contributes to a sea level difference at the stationary limit. The sea level difference is also caused in part by the along-strait wind setup, with a contribution proportional to the along-strait wind stress and to the length of Gibraltar Strait and adjoining regions and inversely proportional to its depth. en
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en
dc.format.extent 1660751 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher American Meteorological Society en
dc.subject atmospheric pressure fluctuations en
dc.subject sea levels en
dc.subject winds en
dc.title Atlantic to Mediterranean sea level difference driven by winds near Gibraltar Strait en
dc.type Article en


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