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Evolution of the Preliminary Fault Management Architecture and Design for the Psyche Mission

Show simple item record Marsh, Danielle Catchen, Jaime Sereno, Virginia Trofimov, Denis 2021-10-26T16:12:56Z 2021-10-26T16:12:56Z 2020-03-07
dc.identifier.citation 2020 IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, March 7-14, 2020
dc.identifier.clearanceno CL#20-1500
dc.description.abstract The Psyche Mission presents the first opportunity toexplore the largest metal asteroid in the solar system, (16)Psyche, which is believed to be the exposed core of a largerplanetesimal that was stripped of its rocky mantle throughmultiple collisions during early solar system formation. Themission was selected in January 2017 for a 2022 launch as partof NASA’s Discovery Program and is uniquely enabled by theintegration of a Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) Chassisdelivered by Maxar Space Solutions with JPL’s core deepspace avionics, flight software, and fault managementarchitectures. One of the key design tasks is the development ofa fault management system capable of being responsive to theunique elements of the combined JPL and Maxar spacecraftarchitecture. This new design leverages the strengths of eachorganization, with Maxar delivering its well-proven highvoltage power bus and low-thrust electric propulsionsubsystem from its GEO communications satellite product line,and JPL delivering its deep space mission expertise and thehardware and software most critical to deep space missiondesign. The development of a robust low-thrust mission andthe integration of design philosophies and hardware from twoorganizations is not without its challenges though.A key challenge in the development of the Psyche faultmanagement architecture and design is in the integration ofdesign philosophies and hardware from JPL and Maxar. Atthe architecture level, Maxar GEO communications satellitesare developed under the premise of highly responsive groundin the loop for the resolution of anomalies, and theimplementation takes a fail-operational approach to minimizedown time for its customers. In contrast, a deep space missionmust be able to maintain safety with long periods of groundcommunication outage. Additionally, with no time-criticalevents after launch, the Psyche spacecraft will generally failsafe in the presence of anomalous conditions; specialconsideration is being given to this approach, however, tominimize the loss of electric propulsion thrust time, which iscritical to low-thrust missions. At the hardware level, thedetailed definition of interfaces between JPL and Maxarhardware presents a unique challenge in the development andflowdown of fault management requirements, the developmentand implementation of fault monitors and responses, and thedevelopment and verification of fault containment boundaries.This paper describes the evolution of the Psyche faultmanagement architecture and design from the concept studyinto the preliminary design phase, with a focus on the uniquechallenges associated with flying GEO communicationssatellite hardware in deep space, implementing a robust lowthrust mission, and the integration of design philosophies andhardware from JPL and Maxar. Details regarding how thesechallenges are addressed in the fault management design inorder to maximize heritage, leverage the strengths of eachorganization, and minimize risk across the design are alsodiscussed.
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2020
dc.title Evolution of the Preliminary Fault Management Architecture and Design for the Psyche Mission
dc.type Preprint

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