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Synchronous Separation, Seaming, Sealing and Sterilization (S4) using Brazing for Sample Containerization and Planetary Protection

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dc.contributor.author Bar-Cohen, Yoseph
dc.contributor.author Badescu, Mircea
dc.contributor.author Bao, Xiaoqi
dc.contributor.author Lee, Hyeong Jae
dc.contributor.author Sherrit, Stewart
dc.contributor.author Freeman, David
dc.contributor.author Campos, Sergio
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-12T21:14:25Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-12T21:14:25Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-26
dc.identifier.citation 2017 SPIE Smart Structures and Materials/NDE Symposium, Portland, Oregon, March 25-29, 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno CL#17-0595
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/46257
dc.description.abstract The potential return of samples back to Earth from other planetary bodies would be based on planetary protection requirements that vary depending on the type of body [1]. Potential Mars Sample Return would require the protection of our planet from backward contamination. To fulfill this requirement, it would be necessary to implement “break the chain of contact (BTC)” process, where any material reaching Earth would have to be inside a container that is sealed with an extremely high level of confidence. In order to accomplish this, it would be necessary to contain the acquired samples and destroy any potential biological materials that may have contaminated the external surface of the container, while protecting the samples for further analysis. Using brazing, a novel synchronous separation, seaming, sealing and sterilization (S4) process for sample containerization and planetary protection has been conceived and demonstrated. A prototype double-wall container with inner and outer shells and Earth clean interstitial space was used for this demonstration. For potential Mars sample return, the double wall container would be consist of two halves and prepared on Earth. The on-orbit execution would consist of inserting the sample into one of the halves and then mating to the other half and melt the braze material to perform the S4 process. The use of brazing material that melts at temperatures higher than 500OC would assure sterilization of the exposed areas due to pyrolysis since carbon bonds are broken at this temperature. The process consists of two-steps, Step-1: the double wall container halves are fabricated and brazed on Earth; and Step-2: Assembly and brazing the samples on orbit. To prevent potential jamming during the process of mating the two halves of the double-wall container and the extraction of the brazed inner container, a double cone-within-cone approach has been conceived. The results of this study are described and discussed in this manuscript. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2017 en_US
dc.title Synchronous Separation, Seaming, Sealing and Sterilization (S4) using Brazing for Sample Containerization and Planetary Protection en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US


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