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In-flight operation of the Dawn ion propulsion system through start of the Vesta cruise phase

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dc.contributor.author Garner, Charles E.
dc.contributor.author Rayman, Marc D.
dc.contributor.author Brophy, John R.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-09T17:41:39Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-09T17:41:39Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08-03
dc.identifier.citation AIAA Joint Propulsion Conference, Denver, Colorado, August 3-5, 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 09-2518
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/45253
dc.description.abstract The first 80 days after launch were dedicated to the initial checkout of the spacecraft followed by cruise to Mars. Cruise thrusting leading to a Mars gravity assist began on December 17, 2007 and was successfully concluded as planned on October 31, 2008. During this time period the Dawn IPS was operated mostly at full power for approximately 6500 hours, consumed 71.7 kg of xenon and delivered approximately 1.8 km/s of ΔV to the spacecraft. The thrusting to Mars was followed by a coasting period of approximately 3.5 months that included a Mars flyby in February of 2009. The Mars flyby provided a gravity assist (MGA) for a plane change and approximately 1 km/s of heliocentric energy increase and is the only part of the mission following launch in which a needed velocity change is not accomplished by the IPS. During the coast period IPS was operated for a trajectory correction maneuver and for engineering tests but was not operated for primary propulsion. Closest approach to Mars occurred as planned on February 17, 2009 and was followed by another coasting period of just under 4 months in duration. During this last coasting phase IPS was operated only for routine maintenance activities and for system engineering tests. Deterministic thrusting for heliocentric transfer to Vesta resumed on June 8, 2009. IPS will be operated for over two years at throttled power levels leading to arrival at Vesta in September of 2011 and arrival at Ceres in February 2015. This paper provides an overview of Dawn’s mission objectives and the results of Dawn IPS mission operations through the start of deterministic thrusting to Vesta. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2009 en_US
dc.title In-flight operation of the Dawn ion propulsion system through start of the Vesta cruise phase en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US


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