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Seven years of observations of mid-tropospheric CO₂ from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

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dc.contributor.author Pagano, Thomas S.
dc.contributor.author Chahine, Moustafa T.
dc.contributor.author Olsen, Edward T.
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-24T20:35:57Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-24T20:35:57Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09-27
dc.identifier.citation 61st International Astronautical Congress, Prague, Czech Republic, September 27 - October 1, 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 10-3993
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/44764
dc.description.abstract The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) on the EOS Aqua Spacecraft was launched on May 4, 2002. AIRS acquires hyperspectral infrared radiances in the 3.7-15.4 um spectral region with spectral resolution of better than 1200. The AIRS was designed to measure temperature and water vapor profiles and cloud properties for improvement in weather forecast and improved parameterization of climate processes. Currently the AIRS Level 1B Radiance Products are assimilated by NWP centers and have shown considerable forecast improvement. Scientists have also demonstrated accurate retrievals of minor gases from AIRS including Carbon Monoxide, Methane, and Ozone. The excellent sensitivity and stability of the AIRS instrument has recently allowed the AIRS team to successfully retrieve Carbon Dioxide (CO2) concentrations in the mid-troposphere (8-10 km) with a horizontal resolution of 100 km and accuracy of 1-2 ppm. The AIRS retrieves over 15,000 measurements per day and can achieve full global coverage in 30 days. The AIRS CO2 accuracy has been validated against a variety of aircraft measurements in the mid-troposphere and upward looking interferometers. Findings from the AIRS data include higher than expected variability in the mid-troposphere, the presence of a belt of CO2 in the southern hemisphere, and numerous observations of atmospheric circulation including the effects of El Nino/La Nina on the CO2 concentrations in the mid-troposphere. The full mid-tropospheric AIRS CO2 data set is now available at the NASA GES/DISC for almost eight years since AIRS has been operational. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2010 en_US
dc.subject carbon dioxide en_US
dc.title Seven years of observations of mid-tropospheric CO₂ from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US


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