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The Green Sahara: climate change, hydrologic history and human occupation

Show simple item record Blom, Ronald G. Farr, Tom G. Feynmann, Joan Ruzmaikin, Alexander Paillou, Philippe 2014-08-07T17:56:19Z 2014-08-07T17:56:19Z 2009-05-04
dc.identifier.citation IEEE RadarCon09, Pasadena, California, May 4-8, 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 09-0646
dc.description.abstract Archaeology can provide insight into interactions of climate change and human activities in sensitive areas such as the Sahara, to the benefit of both disciplines. Such analyses can help set bounds on climate change projections, perhaps identify elements of tipping points, and provide constraints on models. The opportunity exists to more precisely constrain the relationship of natural solar and climate interactions, improving understanding of present and future anthropogenic forcing. We are beginning to explore the relationship of human occupation of the Sahara and long-term solar irradiance variations synergetic with changes in atmospheric-ocean circulation patterns. Archaeological and climate records for the last 12 K years are gaining adequate precision to make such comparisons possible. We employ a range of climate records taken over the globe (e.g. Antarctica, Greenland, Cariaco Basin, West African Ocean cores, records from caves) to identify the timing and spatial patterns affecting Saharan climate to compare with archaeological records. We see correlation in changing ocean temperature patterns ~ contemporaneous with drying of the Sahara ~6K years BP. The role of radar images and other remote sensing in this work includes providing a geographically comprehensive geomorphic overview of this key area. Such coverage is becoming available from the Japanese PALSAR radar system (Palliou, et. al., 2007), which can guide fieldwork to collect archaeological and climatic data to further constrain the climate change chronology and link to models. Our initial remote sensing efforts concentrate on the Gilf Kebir area of Egypt. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2009 en_US
dc.subject remote sensing en_US
dc.subject achaeology en_US
dc.title The Green Sahara: climate change, hydrologic history and human occupation en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US

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