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The International Space Station : unique in-space testbed as exploration analog

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dc.contributor.author Lee, Young H.
dc.contributor.author Eagles, Donald E.
dc.contributor.author Moreno, Frank
dc.contributor.author Rodriggs, Mike
dc.contributor.author Beisert, Susan
dc.contributor.author Stapleton, Debbie
dc.date.accessioned 2013-01-18T17:32:48Z
dc.date.available 2013-01-18T17:32:48Z
dc.date.issued 2012-06-11
dc.identifier.citation SpaceOps 2012, Stockholm, Sweden, June 11-15, 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 12-2199
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/42633
dc.description.abstract Final assembly of the International Space Station (ISS) was completed in 2011. As articulated in the 2011 NASA Strategic Plan, the Agency’s first goal is to extend and sustain human activities across the solar system. Thus, the emerging NASA vision is to launch a bold and ambitious new space initiative to enable human space exploration beyond low-Earth orbit to Lagrange points, the moon, near-Earth asteroids (NEAs), and Mars and its environs. To accomplish this vision, it is necessary to develop and validate innovative exploration technologies and operational concepts. With the extended life of the ISS to 2020 and possibly 2028, NASA has a mandate to maximize the potential of the Nation’s newest National Laboratory. Exploration and ISS teams within NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) have initiated a cooperative effort: the ISS Testbed for Analog Research (ISTAR), a high-fidelity operational analog that complements existing NASA terrestrial laboratory and field testing. To maximize use of the ISS platform to evaluate new exploration technologies, capabilities, and operational concepts to better comprehend and mitigate human spaceflight risks, ISTAR seeks out and encourages investigations dubbed “exploration detailed test objectives” (xDTOs). These xDTOs, building blocks of ISTAR missions, develop and optimize the operations concepts and the use of new technologies that should reduce risks and challenges facing astronauts on long exploration spaceflight voyages. In this paper, we describe (1) the rationale behind ISTAR, (2) a five-year strategic plan, (3) the approach for mission formulation, development, integration, and execution, (4) concepts for near-term missions that implement a phased approach for using ISS as an exploration testbed, and (5) the planned Mars mission simulation using the ISS. This paper7 will also document several challenges ISTAR must address to execute its missions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2012. en_US
dc.subject Analog Mission en_US
dc.subject International Space Station (ISS) en_US
dc.subject exploration risks en_US
dc.subject Mars analog en_US
dc.title The International Space Station : unique in-space testbed as exploration analog en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US
dc.subject.NASATaxonomy Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration en_US


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