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Overview and applications of UAVSAR's multi-squint polarimetric imaging mode.

Show simple item record Scott Hensley Chen, Curtis Michel, Thierry Jones, Cathleen Chapman, Bruce Muellerschoen, Ron 2011-11-01T18:32:35Z 2011-11-01T18:32:35Z 2011-01-24
dc.identifier.citation POLinSAR 2011, Frascati, Italy, January 24, 2011. en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 11-0337
dc.description.abstract NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has developed a reconfigurable polarimetric L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR), specifically designed to acquire airborne repeat track interferometric (RTI) SAR data for application to monitoring surface deformation and vegetation structure measurements. The system employs a precision autopilot developed by NASA Dryden that allows the plane to fly precise trajectories usually within a 5 m tube. Also required for robust repeat pass applications is the ability to point the antenna in the same direction on repeat passes to a fraction of an azimuth beamwidth (8◦ for UAVSAR). This precise pointing is achieved using an electronically scanned antenna whose pointing is based on inertial navigation unit (INU) attitude angle data. The radar design is fully polarimetric with an 80 MHz bandwidth (2 m range resolution) and has a greater than 20 km range swath when flying at its nominal altitude of 12500 m. The ability to electronically steer the beam on a pulse-to-pulse basis has allowed a new mode of SAR data acquisition whereby the radar beam is steered to different squint angles on successive pulses thereby simultaneously generating images at multiple squint angles. This mode offers the possibility of generating vector deformation measurements with a single pair of repeat passes and to obtain greater kz diversity for vegetation studies with a reduced number of passes. This paper will present an overview of the mode, discuss its potential for deformation and vegetation, and show some examples using UAVSAR data. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2011. en_US
dc.subject UAVSAR en_US
dc.subject multisquint en_US
dc.subject interferometry en_US
dc.subject radar en_US
dc.subject troposphere en_US
dc.title Overview and applications of UAVSAR's multi-squint polarimetric imaging mode. en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US
dc.subject.NASATaxonomy Communications and Radar en_US

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