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Application of satellite and ground-based data to investigate the UV radiative effects of Australian aerosols

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dc.contributor.author Kalashnikova, Olga V.
dc.contributor.author Mills, Franklin P.
dc.contributor.author Eldering, Annmarie
dc.contributor.author Anderson, Don
dc.date.accessioned 2008-10-14T21:05:15Z
dc.date.available 2008-10-14T21:05:15Z
dc.date.issued 2007-01-02
dc.identifier.citation Remote Sensing of Environment 107 (2007) 65–80 ; doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.07.025 en_US
dc.identifier.clearanceno 07-1444
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2014/40980
dc.description.abstract An understanding of the effect of aerosols on biologically- and photochemically-active UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface is important for many ongoing climate, biophysical, and air pollution studies. In particular, estimates of the UV characteristics of the most common Australian aerosols will be valuable inputs to UV Index forecasts, air quality studies, and assessments of the impact of regional environmental changes. By analyzing climatological distributions of Australian aerosols we have identified sites where co-located ground-based UV-B and ozone measurements were available during episodes of relatively high aerosol activity. Since at least June 2003, surface UV global irradiance spectra (285–450 nm) have been measured routinely at Darwin and Alice Springs in Australia by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). Using colocated sunphotometer measurements at Darwin and Alice Springs, we identified several episodes of relatively high aerosol activity. Aerosol air mass types were analyzed from sunphotometer-derived angstrom parameter, MODIS fire maps and MISR aerosol property retrievals. To assess aerosol effects we compared the measured UV irradiances for aerosol-loaded and clear-sky conditions with each other and with irradiances simulated using the libRadtran radiative transfer model for aerosol-free conditions. We found that for otherwise similar atmospheric conditions, smoke aerosols over Darwin reduced the surface UV irradiance by as much as 40–50% at 290–300 nm and 20–25% at 320–400 nm near active fires (aerosol optical depth, AOD, at 500 nm ~ 0.6). Downwind of fires, the smoke aerosols over Darwin reduced the surface irradiance by 15– 25% at 290–300 nm and ~ 10% at 320–350 nm (AOD at 500 nm ~ 0.2). The effect of smoke increased with decrease of wavelength and is strongest in the UV-B. The aerosol attenuation factors calculated for the selected cases suggest smoke over Darwin has an effect on surface 340– 380 nm irradiances that is comparable to that produced by smoke over Sub-Saharan Africa. Dust activity was very low at Alice Springs during 2004, therefore we were not able to identify strong dust events to fully assess the UVeffect of dust. For the cases studied, smoke aerosols seem to produce a stronger reduction in surface UV irradiances than dust aerosols. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship NASA/JPL en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier Inc en_US
dc.subject Australian aerosols en_US
dc.subject UV surface irradiances en_US
dc.subject MODIS en_US
dc.subject MISR en_US
dc.title Application of satellite and ground-based data to investigate the UV radiative effects of Australian aerosols en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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